Back again

Hey I’m back again. Sorry about the long layoff.

Anyway continuing with my pledge to list the Constitution here and I promise to be back on a regular basis.

Article I

Section 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and a house of Representatives.

Section 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several states, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the Unites States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State which he shall be chosen.

[Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Number of  free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.]1 The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceeded one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative: and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantation one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina, five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority therefore shall issue Writs of Elections to fill such Vacancies.

The House of Representative shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers, and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

I like the way that they spell the word choose as chuse.  The actual old English spelling of the word is chuse. Remember that the Constitution was written in 1787. So I’m pretty sure that we had a strong British influence on the language.

Another word that is used throughout is the word shall. What does this word mean used in the context here. It is used to express an instruction or command. “and shall have the sole power of Impeachment.”

And last the use of capitalization of words. Here is a take on that from a web site about the Constitution.

New students of the Constitution often see one more thing that raises eyebrows: the use of capital letters in the original text. Some have even gone so far as to say that capitalized words in the original Constitution have some sort of special significance above and beyond the non-capitalized words. This is only true in that most of the non-standard capitalization is done to nouns. Again, this was an issue of style, and is similar to the way German capitalizes nouns — they are simply capitalized, and that’s all. The words “People” and “State” have the exact same significance and meaning as “people” and “state”. Many modern transcriptions of the Constitution remove this extra capitalization without changing the meaning of the document.

From the website: https://usconstitution.net/constmiss.html